Frequently Asked Questions
9. How is heart failure treated?Treatment for heart failure includes lifestyle changes, medications, and specialized care for those in advanced stages of the disease. Lifestyle changes may include
- reducing salt and fluid intake
- following a heart healthy diet
- adopting a plan to lose weight
- quitting smoking and engaging in physical activity
Many medications are used to manage heart failure. They include diuretics, ACE inhibitors, beta blockers and digoxin. Diuretics are used to reduce fluid buildup. ACE inhibitors work to improve heart failure in many ways, including lowering blood pressure. Beta blockers can also improve heart failure in many ways, including slowing the heart rate. Digoxin affects the hormones that worsen heart failure.
For severe heart failure, patients may require additional oxygen, a mechanical heart pump, or transplantation.