Kidney Disease

Frequently Asked Questions

16. What changes in diet can help with kidney disease?

The steps below will help you eat right as you manage your kidney disease. The first three steps (1-3) are important for all people with kidney disease. The last two steps (4-5) may become important as your kidneys become more damaged.

STEP 1: Choose and prepare foods with less salt and sodium.

Why? To help keep your blood pressure at a healthy level. Aim for less than 2300 milligrams of sodium each day.

STEP 2: Eat the right amount and the right types of protein.

Why? To help protect your kidneys.

STEP 3: Choose foods that are healthy for your heart.

Why? To protect your blood vessels, heart, and kidneys.

STEP 4: Choose foods with less phosphorus.

Why? To help protect your bones and blood vessels.

STEP 5: Choose foods that have the right amount of potassium.

Why? To help your nerves and muscles work the right way. If potassium is too high or too low, your nerves and muscles will not work normally.

Get more tips on choosing foods with the right amount of potassium.

Get tips on reading food labels.