Kidney Disease

Risk Factors and Prevention

Risk Factors

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of kidney disease. Both diabetes and high blood pressure damage the small blood vessels in your kidneys and can cause kidney disease -- without you feeling it.

Other risk factors for kidney disease include:

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Additionally, African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans are at high risk for developing kidney failure. This is in part due to high rates of diabetes and high blood pressure in these communities.

If you have ANY of these risk factors, talk to your health care provider about getting tested for kidney disease. You can't feel kidney disease, so it is very important to get tested if you are at risk.


If you are at risk for kidney disease, the most important steps you can take to keep your kidneys healthy are to

Manage your diabetes and high blood pressure, and keep your kidneys healthy by

By following these steps and keeping risk factors under control -- especially your blood pressure -- you may be able to delay or even prevent kidney failure. Talk to your health care provider to find out the steps that are right for you.