Scientists are pursuing a wide range of basic and clinical studies on osteoporosis. Significant advances in preventing and treating osteoporosis continue to be made. Such advances are the direct result of research focused on
- determining the causes and consequences of bone loss at the cellular and tissue levels
- assessing risk factors
- developing new strategies to maintain and even enhance bone density and reduce fracture risk
- exploring the roles of such factors as genetics, hormones, calcium, vitamin D, drugs, and exercise on bone mass.