Age-related Macular Degeneration

Frequently Asked Questions

2. What are the stages of AMD?

There are three stages of AMD defined by the size and number of drusen under the retina – early AMD, intermediate AMD, and late AMD.

  • Early AMD has medium-sized drusen, typically with no vision loss.
  • Intermediate AMD typically contains large drusen, pigment changes in the retina, or both. Intermediate AMD may cause some vision loss, but most people do not experience any symptoms.
  • Late AMD contains the large drusen as well as vision loss from damage to the macula. There are two types of late AMD: geographic atrophy (also called dry AMD) and neovascular AMD (also wet AMD).