Breast Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

11. What role do gene mutations play in breast cancer?

Many clinical trials now include gene profiles of cancer patients as a way to tell how cancer may progress or be diagnosed. Gene profiles are even used to monitor how cancer genes are affected by targeted therapies. The knowledge from this new study will be used to bring earlier and better treatments to cancer patients.

A full analysis of all of the genes that determine cancer outcomes remains a difficult challenge. However, recent results from The Cancer Genome Atlas, an NIH study that included analyses of gene mutations in breast cancer, provide a list of mutations for other scientists to study and explore.