Frequently Asked Questions

17. What other brain stimulation therapies are used?

Other more recently introduced types of brain stimulation therapies used to treat depression that has not responded to medication include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). The non-invasive approach (rTMS) and the surgical approach (VNS) have FDA approval for use in depression that does not respond to medication. However, these methods have not achieved widespread use.