Frequently Asked Questions

8. Can taking certain medications increase my chances of developing osteoporosis?

Yes. Some commonly used medicines can result in bone loss and increase your risk of osteoporosis and fracture. These include a type of steroid called glucocorticoids, which are used to control diseases such as arthritis and asthma; some antiseizure drugs; some medicines that treat a common gynecological condition known as endometriosis; and some cancer drugs. Using too much thyroid hormone for an underactive thyroid can also be a problem.

Here is a list of medications that may increase your chances of developing osteoporosis.

  • Anticoagulants (heparin)
  • Anticonvulsants (some)
  • Aromatase inhibitors
  • Cyclosporine A and tacrolimus
  • Cancer chemotherapy drugs
  • Glucocorticoids (and adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH])
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists
  • Lithium
  • Methotrexate
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Thyroxine